Physan 20 is a powerful multi-purpose Fungicide concentate that can be used to treat and stop a wide variety of plant diseases and pathogens on plants, surfaces and waterways.

Physan 20 is a Systemic fungicide, meaning it is physically absorbed and circulated through the plant. Unlike contact fungicides, systemic fungicides can be used to suppress a disease even after it has infected the plant. 


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Prevention of the establishment of plant pathogens in the greenhouse is a critical component for any plant enthusiast or professional grower.

Industry has concentrated research and investment in developing chemical and
biological treatments for plants infected with a variety of pathogens. However, growers
and production managers should not underestimate the value of simple disinfection in
preventing the development and movement of pathogens throughout the greenhouse.

Regular usage of disinfectants labeled for use in the greenhouse can control bacteria,
viruses,fungi, and algae, which, if established, can devastate greenhouse crops, or
provide food for insect pests (algae for fungus gnats).

There are many disinfecting products on the market today which are used in the
greenhouse. Care should be taken when using disinfectants to ensure that the product selected has : 

  • A - is an EPA approved product labeled for use as a greenhouse disinfectant
  • B - is effective against a multitude of plant pathogens and algae
  • C - is EPA approved for use on plants as well as hard surfaces
  • D - has some residual effectiveness over time

PHYSAN 20 as a Disinfectant on Surfaces : 

PHYSAN 20 is a liquid concentrate product that mixes with water to create a multipurpose disinfecting solution.

PHYSAN 20 is labeled by the EPA for use on inanimate hard surfaces to control a wide
range of bacteria, fungi, and viruses.The product is particularly useful to disinfect cutting
tools; control mold and mildew on surfaces such as floors, walls, tabletops, and glass;
disinfect work areas and benches; disinfect pots, flats and flower buckets. Dilution rates
for these applications are as follows:




Disinfect Cutting Tools 4 teaspoons Physan20 per gallon water
Mold/Mildew Control on Surfaces 1 1/2 Tablespoons Physan20 per gallon water
Disinfect Work Areas and Benches 1 Tablespoon Physan20 per gallon water
Disinfect Pots/Flats/Flower Buckets 1 Tablespoon Physan20 per gallon water

PHYSAN 20 as an Algaecide :

Algae is often present in greenhouses due to the moist and humid environment. Algae
growth presents many problems, including unsightly growth on soil surfaces; growth on
floors and walkways which present a safety hazard; growth which encourages the
presence of fungus gnats.

Algae can also impede the function of evaporative cooling equipment. Slime-forming
fungus, mold and algae in evaporative coolers can cause odor and accelerate the
spread of pathogens throughout the greenhouse. Minimizing the presence of algae has
many benefits and should be a critical part of a total disintecfinqproqrorn. Physan 20 is
safe to use with fragile evaporative cooling pads.




Algae Control on Walkways 1 Tablespoon Physan20 per gallon water
Algae Control on Glass 1 Tablespoon Physan20 per gallon water
Evaporative Coolers 1 teaspoon Physan20 per 15 gallons water

Physan 20 to Control Algae on Soil Surfaces :

A particular challenge for growers is preventing and treating algae on the surface of soil
in the presence of plants. Many algaecides are not labeled for use on plants. PHYSAN
20 is labeled for this use. It is also can be used as a soil drench and has excellent wetting




Soil drench 1 1/2 teaspoons Physan20 per gallon water
Algae control on soil 1 1/2 teaspoons Physan20 per gallon water

Physan 20 vs. Chlorine Bleach as a Disinfectant :

Many growers recognize the importance of disinfection in the greenhouse. However,
many mistakenly believe that chlorine bleach is a cheaper alternative that provides
quality disinfecting capabilities. This is not so.

Chlorine bleach is not labeled for use as a greenhouse disinfectant by the EPAon a state
or federal level. Its use as such can result in citations and or fines upon inspection.

Bleach rapidly evaporates when prepared in solution. The half-life of a .5%solution of
bleach and water is only 2 hours. Thusthe prepared solution must be applied
immediately after mixing to be effective. In addition, a contact time of 30 minutes is
required for disinfection.

PHYSAN 20 has residual germicidal activity, which means it remains effective for a period
of time, particularly on hard surfaces. The solution itself remains active and can be used
over time. Its effectiveness can be checked with Physan 20 Test Strips to ensure it remains
active. In addition, a 10 minute contact time is all that is required to disinfect.

The use of a solution stronger than 5% can cause damage to plastics and metal. In
addition, bleach presents a risk to employees who inhale the fumes or splash the product
on clothing.

The diluted PHYSAN 20 solution is safe enough to dip ones hands in. It is not a primary eye or skin irritant, and if splashed on clothes will not harm them. The solution is pleasant smelling and requires no special ventilation to use.